Tri Sarira, The Human Body Composition

What kind of human body composition? In the science of taxonomy, the composition of the human body have been described in detail. Then, how is the composition of the human body in the light of Hindu religion? In the Hindu religion there is the concept of Tri Sarira which describes the composition of the human body. Tri Sarira consists of two words, namely 'Tri' and 'Sarira'. Tri meaning three, while Sarira which means body. So, Tri Sarira means three layers of the human body that have different functionality and quality. The three layers of the body consists of Stula Sarira, Suksma Sarira, and Antakarana Sarira.

1. Stula Sarira
Stula Sarira is the outermost layer of the body or rough body (physical). Stula Sarira is an organ that can be seen and touched. Stula Sarira formed from elements of Panca Maha Bhuta, namely
  • Pertiwi: any solid substance, such as bone, muscle, flesh, nails and hair
  • Apah: any substance that is liquid, such as blood and mucus
  • Teja: any hot substances, such as body temperature
  • Bayu: air or breath
  • Akasa:  ether or substances of light or electrical energy.

2. Suksma Sarira
Suksma Sarira the body layer which can not be seen or touched, such as the human mind. The mind is located deep in the body that is called the subtle body. Suksma Sarira a human mind or memory. In Sanskrit, Suksma Sarira also called Citta. Citta is a memory or experience that is made by the body, thought, seen, and felt by humans for life in this world. Citta is one of the elements that make up a person's character or trait. At Citta there is an element of "Dasendria'' which is divided into Panca Budhindriya and Panca Karmendriya. Panca Budhindriya are five kinds of senses identifier, consisting of:
  • Cakswindriya ie sensory vision, lies in the eyes
  • Srotendriya the listener senses, located in the ear
  • Ghranendriya the sense of smell, located on the nose
  • Twakindria identifier that senses touch, located in the skin
  • Jihwendria the sense of taste, is located on the tongue.
Then Panca Karmendriya are five types of sensory drive or workers, consisting of:
  • Panindriya was driving on hand
  • Padendriya was driving on foot
  • Garbhendriya was driving on the stomach
  • Upastendriya is driving the male genitalia
  • Bhagendriya is driving the vulva

3. Antakarana Sarira
Antakarana Sarira is the most subtle body layers, called the 'Atman',
Antakarana Sarira also called the body causes. Atman into the human soul. Atman make humans can live, move, and have a taste. Atman is the layer most powerful body in the human body. Atman is also a form of behavior and motion of the human mind. If Atman has left the body of a person, then it becomes dead.

Similarly, a brief overview of the composition of the human body and other living creatures in the sight of the Hindu religion, particularly of Hindus in Bali.

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